The island of Cyprus has been divided into Turkish and Greek parts for years. This dichotomy regularly led to conflicts between the two population groups. To pull the fuse out of the conflict area, the UN evacuated an area between the two regions in 1974 to create a buffer zone demarcated with barricades, fences and barbed wire. In total, the division between Greek Cyprus and Turkish Cyrpus is about 180 kilometers long. Since 2003, the Greeks and Turks have agreed to open six passageways in that border.